History spread #3 rationale


          I chose to make a spread comparing the style between Bauhaus and Art Decor. When I did my research, I found that Bauhaus and Art have two completely different style and beside producing furniture they also make art and others object so I corporate them to my spread to emphasize the differences between the two movement. I also attempted to suggest the differences by using two type of typography, while ” Bauhaus” is bold lettering with heavy outline, ” Art Deco” is more decorative. Also, the two-chair image which I used are two great examples of Bauhaus and Art decor product. While the Wassily chair is quite modern looking, the Dragon chair is more complicate with dragon heads carve to the chair handle and the one common point about the two chair is their design are both influenced by something else. Finally, I highlight key works to compare and contrast between the two movement.

             I quite satisfy with the final product since I think that I had convey all the important information so I would give myself 8.5.



Blogpost#10 Contemporary & Post Modernism

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Ivan portrait

               Ivan Alifan Jdanov was born in 1989 in Russia. He graduated from the OCAD University in Toronto, Canada with a Bachelor in Fine Arts in Drawing and Painting. Recently he participates in the LA International art pair. He is famous for his process of hardening paint with wax and using cake icing tools to pipe paint onto his canvas.

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Ice cream sketch – I love his technique with the cake pipping tools and in some of his painting he made paint flower with the tools and sticked it to the canvas.

                 Ivan Alifan’s work often depicts human body to portrait the meanings of consumption about sexual taboos. He uses shocks tactics and provocative topic, where the erotic subtext is used to stroke the viewer and force them to examine their relationship to sexuality, questioning their prejudices about sex.  To be more specific, he would paint male of female heads, busts or bodies which are covered with dripping white- pastel liquid. He intentionally forms an exotic, explicit and even strange composition. Ivan’s palette consists of mostly turquoise and picks which resemble the baroque lavishness and decadent delight.


            Ivan said that:

             ” Art is beyond an image of perception and creativity. Art is part of the past present, future, where one can interpret their own view. Painting allows me as an artist to express my strengths or my vulnerability. Each brushstroke builds up a story, a life and, a passion.” 

            Ivan had always fascinated with the glossy surface of porcelain figures and marble statues. His current art style form during one time when he asked his friend to participate in a photo shoot where he would pour a bucket full of gesso over her. Ivan does not want to stick with the traditional brown painting method; he wants to represent the human flesh realistically to create images filled with sexual ambiguity.  Later on, he started to experiment with slime, milk-based creams and non-toxic paint.

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The hand studyImage result for ivan alifan a study of hand

                  One of Ivan famous series is ”  The hand study” series which he aimed to portrait female intimacy. He did not portrait it as a sexual act but more like a moment of enlightenment, a pure bliss. Ivan wanted to accentuate the profundity of the female pleasure and self-awareness regardless of the omnipresent male gaze. This series of beautiful art hit you when you see it with fantastic work of illustrating delicate woman hand realistically. It might be the best hand paintings I have ever seen.

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2D Love – I think this painting is an accurate depiction of people with anime obsession, having an unhealthy life style . The way he handling paint looks phenomenal.

Source : I believe art is sex and sex is art’: Step into the dripping pastel world of Ivan Alifan.

                                    A study of Hands Like No Other, By Ivan Alifan.










Blogpost#9 Abtract Expressionism & Pop Art


                     Roy Lichtenstein pulled off his idea of irony comic illustration with one of his first popular art piece of Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck on a wooden jetty. Donald Duck raises his fishing rod and shouts out: ” Look Mickey, I’ve hooked a big one”. This painting somehow challenged  the Abstract Expressionism artists which was dominated American art during that time.

Look Mickey, I’ve hooked a big one

                    Lichtenstein was born in New York City, he showed his artistic really early. Lichtenstein drew, painted and sculpted as a teenager, and he also spent lots of his time in the American Museum of Natural History and the Museum of Modern Art. Later on, he spent sometimes in Europe but then returned home due to his father illness.

Wonder Woman Comic Art

                   Lichtenstein was identified with Pop art, he interested in industrial processes and mass consumerism. He form his career on creating simple works that appropriated from comic books, advertisements and pulp fiction, isolating, cropping and enlarging selected elements to form power-full composition. More over, he also imitate the crude printing processes of newspaper reproduction as you can see with the dots on his art works. Lichtenstein creates about more than 5000 painting, prints, drawings, sculptures, murals and other objects.

Drowning Girl (1963). On display at the Museum of Modern Art, New York

                 To be more specific, Lichtenstein’s works based on enlarged panels from comic books. Lichtenstein himself said ” I am nominally copying, but I am really restating the copied thing in other term. In doing that, the original acquires a totally different texture. It isn’t thick or thin brushstrokes, it’s dots and flat colours and unyielding lines”. He would took a tiny picture, smaller than the palm of the hand, printed in four colour inks on newsprint and blew it up to the conventional size and finished it by painting on canvas. He elevated comic art to something you would see in a gallery.


                    His popularity reached it peak during the 1960s with Pop painting, he gravitated toward what he would refer as ” dumbest” or ” worst” visual item he could fins and then he would attempt to improve it. Paraphrasing, particularly the paraphrasing of despised images had become a unique trait ofLichtenstein art. People love his convention or permeated art, they called his works ” a purely American mythological subject matter”.

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Lichtenstein’s Bedroom at Arles (1992)

          My comment on Liechtenstein’s art: His art really catch my eyes with the vibrant palette and interesting texture. Unlike the other, his creativity is about seeing a poetical image and elevate it. When I first look at his art, I immediately think about all those meme picture since his art tend to be zoom in to a girl face with emotional face expression.

Image result for Roy Lichtenstein meme

Source : https://lichtensteinfoundation.org/biography/

English 100 revised argument essay


                      For my English 100 class in Capilano, I was given an assignment to write an argument essay to give my opinion whereas we should consider Dharavi as the model for future city structure.

                      I do think that Dharavi makes some good point that we can adapt, but the city also has its limit of being a homegrown city without being looked after by the government.

                     Question: Echanove and Srivastava’s article “This is Not a Slum” suggests that Dharavi’s density, efficiency, and community integration should be viewed as a legitimate model of a “homegrown neighborhood” that cities worldwide would be wise to make space for. Based on what you read in the article, do you agree?

Revised essay 

                    The article ” This is Not a Slum: What the World Can Learn from Dharavi’’ by Echanove Matias and Rahul Srivastava discusses how Dharavi, a poor area in Mumbai, was able to develop rapidly in a short amount of time. They also clarify what makes the city an excellent example of a housing system for us to learn from. Throughout the entire article, the two writers emphasize some critical points about taking the maximum advantage of our living space and designing it according to our needs would create some significant impacts. I agree that Dharavi is an excellent example of Indian people being creative in overcoming their disadvantage when it comes to their living environment and we can adopt some of their idea. However, I also see there are several problems with this housing system that we cannot consider it as a model for other places.

                       Dharavi,or would I say a ‘’slum’’ or a ‘’ homegrown neighbourhood’’, is a shabby- looking community that emerged without state guidance. This area is known for being one of the most famous locations in India which attracts thousands of tourists every year. Moreover, Dharavi also has a huge impact on Mumbai’s economy, making around $500 million a year. In other words, even though this area is considered to be an under an underdeveloped area of the city which needs to be removed, it still shows some significant value. The citizens can be creative in designing their own living space to serve their needs. They can build small-scaled, shape-shifting structures which are changeable for constructing in the future, therefore allowing them to live and work in the same place or divide their home into several parts for renting. This system gives the inhabitant the opportunity to create a community network base, providing shops, workshops and warehouse right on the street, which also become helpful when it comes to travelling since everything is united in the same place. Therefore, inhabitants can enjoy the short commute between their home and workplaces .As a result, space can serve a various purpose. Particularly, with the freedom that Dharavi’s citizen has, they create an environment which works best for them, so they can improve their income and their living standard at the same time. Also, thanks to Dharavi’s housing approach, people always feel safe to live here, they can even walk during the night time without feeling uncomfortable, which is usually not the case on Mumbai streets. Unfortunately, the authorities see Dharavi as a shameful obstacle because Dharavi is not under their control. With the intention of rebuild the place to sell for the higher class, the improvement for Dharavi’s infrastructure had not been competently carried out by the government which leads to the hygiene shortage in this area, with no toilets and sewage disposal. Overall, even though sanitation is a drawback in Dharavi, the advantage we can gain by learning from them is undeniable. Dharavi was able to become a community that developed as a whole, and there is a strong sense of communication between them. As we come to realize, the connection is the real key to success. Citizen can perform better at work especially when it requires them to work with others because they are comfortable with communication.

                       On the other hand, while I agree that Dharavi is an excellent example of Indian people being creative to live their life during difficult times, several reasons prevent the place from becoming a kind of model that the world can learn from. The first, and also the most crucial point, is an environmental concern. By living and working at the same place, and at the same time, Dharavi residents have to exchange their own lives for financial prosperity. As we know, all kinds of manufacturing have their waste material, which must be purified before being sent to the environment. Dharavi’s most popular industries, including pottery, leather, and textiles, are no exception. Not much could be found out about those workshop’s law-abiding status in waste-treatment, but their disapproving (and ignoring) of the zoning law, which the purpose is to separate human life away from the toxic industrial environments in the first place. Moreover,  waste recycling is growing uncontrollably. As Victoria Moore said in her article, eighty percent of Mumbai’s solid waste is now being transported to Dharavi, the “recycling marvel’’(Moore). It’s great being green and sustainable. However, living and processing garbage at the very same place is unimaginable. As a result, the environment around Dharavi is in fatal alarm, and that is not an exaggeration speech. In the last pollution study of Dharavi by the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) in November 2010, 551.7 microgram/ meter cube (ug/m3) of average suspended particulate matter (SPM) was found, that is more than five times of the permissible limit (M Ghaneka ) . Dharavi residents’ disregarding of zoning and waste disposal laws defying of building code, and hyper-dense population all played significant roles in this tragedy. Even though it is somewhat beneficial for Dharavi citizens to have all the freedom to control their environment, Dharavi also leaves them with substantial health risks since they come into contact so closely with all these toxic industrial materials and substances.

                       The second issue in order, but equal in importance, is the health issue, or rather the life issue itself. Of course, most of stable subjects are directly related to the living environment, which is already terrible. Also, the denser the population is, the easier epidemic breakouts came to happen ( Tarwater). Dharavi has suffered from some plagues from year to year: in 2012, drug-resistant tuberculosis was discovered (Loewenberg S). About safety aspect:  being used as homes and workshops are improper constructions made by builders that defy building codes, which leading to higher accident rates, home and work alike as they are in same house. The firefighter will struggle to find their way through narrow alleys their trucks cannot come in, while the fire will spread faster from the massive amount of combustible material. In other word, while Dharavi claims to allow the citizens to feel safe, there still many hazards dangers around the area which can make a significant effect on the citizen’s life.

                    All things considered, Dharavi is a model of what people could do to “find opportunity” in the urban areas of a developing country like India, and we can learn from its experiences to some extent. However, such an economic and residential model could not be applied anywhere else where environment and human health are more valuable than financial gain.

Survey#10 The second case of sex reassignment surgery


         Lili Ilse Elvenes ( 1882-1931) or Lili Elbe, was a Danish transgender woman and one of the first identifiable recipient of sex reassignment. Elbe originally named Einar Magnus and was a successful painter under that name.

Image result for Einar Magnus Andreas Wegener
photograph of Einar Magnus an
Einar Magnus Andreas Wegener ‘s painting

Elbe went to Germany for sex reassignment surgery which was quite risky at the time since she was the second transgender woman to undergo Gohrbandt’s vaginoplasty technique. A series of four operations were carried out four operations over a two year period. The first surgery was to remove the testicles which were under the supervision of sexologist Magnus Hirchfeld in Berlin and the rest of it were carried out by doctor Kurt Warnekros. The Second operation was to implant an ovary onto Lili’s abdominal musculature and the third was to remove the penis and the scrotum. The last surgery was to transplant a uterus and construct a vaginal canal.

At the time of Elbe last operation, her story was all over the newspapers in Denmark and Germany. Unfortunately, her immune system rejected the transplanted uterus and she developed an infection. She died on September 13, 1931, three months after the surgery.


              Lecture summary: 

                   For this week lecture, we learn more what happened during the Second World War . Since Nazi came to power in German, bringing an end to the democracy established after WWI, many designer do not agree with Nazi idea so they came to America to continue their work. Designer like Jan Tschichold deisgnes paperbacks for Penguin books. Walter Paepcke founed the Container Corporation of America in Chicago. The U.S Works Progress Ad- ministration created jobs for artist produce approximately 2000 poster between 1936 and 1943. Also we were introduce to the Baby Brownie camera and Polaroid which I think is two great inventions.

History speard#2 rationale architecture 1895-1905


I chose to make a spread about two famous architects in this particular period: Antoni Gaudi and Louis Tiffany. When I did my research, I found that these two architects both had some unique design of their own. Antoni Gaudi designed the famous Casa Batlló building which has some interesting characters,  this building facade and balcony reassemble the human skeleton. Louis Tiffany, on the other hand, was famous for his glass work and some of his church design. The Art Nouveau movement influenced both of them, so I did indicate the Art Nouveau style to my spread. Overalls, I think I did a good job, and I would mark myself 8.5.


Survey#9 IKEA inspiration


Bauhaus Nesting Tables Set

             Bauhaus is the house to some of the most iconic  furniture pieces  in the world . Their furniture designs are modern, minimum and practical which were loved by many people during their time and its still has a strong influence on 21st century furniture design as we can see the similarity between Bauhaus and IKEA appliance.

              Bauhaus furniture are simple, light and it do not have any additional decoration.  All designs was often made with practical material such as wood, metal, plastics and glass. Moreover, Bauhaus designers focus on what their costumer can benefit from their product, they avoid bulky and over decoration design and they also restrict their color palette to three primary colour: red, blue, yellow. Bauhaus aim to create beautiful object but they also want it to be availible to the mass public.

The Wassily Chair

           The famous Wassily Chair by Marcel Breuer is a great example of  a design that was able to deliver advances in material and technology. It was first created in 1926 which also opened the beginning of a new era in modern furniture that we are still familiar with nowadays. The chair design was inspired from the bicycle handlebar which explain its complex appearance but simple in construction.


1922: Peter Keler, Cradle.

            Another good example would be the Cradle by Peter Keler. The design has an angled form supported by large circles instead of rockers and it is painted with red, yellow and blue accents.

Source : https://study.com/academy/lesson/history-of-bauhaus-furniture.html



Lecture summary: German gradually recovered from WWI. Weimar Arts & Craft school and Weimar Art Academy merged and became the Das Staatliche Bauhaus which last from 1919 to 1933. The student in Bauhaus learn a fusion of art and crafts and  together they form their own distinct Bauhaus style. I am really into the Bauhaus movement how they were able to produce products that we can still use in the modern day, their typography is also interesting especially the Futura typeface . Their design are quite practical and way different from other movement in this current time.






Survey#8 Women power up during the great war

Everyone work to serve the great war


Factory female

                Before the war, a woman role is to stay home taking care of the kid and do the cooking. However, when the men go to war, with not enough people working, the woman began to go to work in offices, factories, shops, transport and on the farm. The young teenager in the city was forced to assist with harvesting in the countryside. There were more jobs than it used to such as working for munitions factories to sever the high demand for weapons. Even Though there was a variety of different opinion about the idea of women do man job, the introduction of conscription in 1916 made the need for women worker urgent. 

                  As a result, Women in that time was able to be a railway guard, ticket collector, poster worker or they can take part in the challenging job such as police, firefighter and back employee. The figure of woman’s employment rates increased significantly, from 23.6% in 1914 to 46.6% in 1918. Also, the employment of married woman also increased up to nearly 40% of all woman workers. However, they received lower wages compared to the man who started the movement of demanding for equal pay among female.

Women firefighters in action, 1916

                By the year 1917, the majority of the worker in multiple factories was women, and they produced approximately 80% of weapons and shells for the British Army. Unfortunately, women had to work without any protective clothing which leads them exposed to many chemical substances such as trinitrotoluene, and it made theirs since turn yellow. Not only these chemicals affect their appearance, but it also had a negative impact on their health, around 400 women died from overexposure to trinitrotoluene during the great war.

Women campaigning against the Unemployment Insurance Act in 1920

                     Lecture summary: During this particular period after the war ,we get to know about many art movements such as the Dada movement, Surrealist movement, and De Stijl. The Dada movement was lead by Tristan Tzara, a Romanian poet, and performance artist. The horror and cruelty of the were affect people actively, and some of them decided to go crazy with their art to mock society. The Data movement used their craziness in the art to help people heal from what they had gone through during the WW1. Besides the Data movement, people were introduced to readymade art by Marcel Duchamp which means writing your name on something and call it art. The Germany Data movement developed a technique of photomontage. The surrealist movement founded by Andre Breton aiming to tap into the ” superior reality” of the subconscious mind:” More real than the real world beyond the real”. Lastly, the De Stijl movement also aims to heal people from their trauma from the war like Data movement, but it approached a completely different method of rebuilding, creating harmonic order with the geometric shape and mathematical structure.

                Source : http://www.striking-women.org/module/women-and-work/world-war-i-1914-1918


Blog post#8 Cubism, Dadaism, & Surrealism

Joan Miro

Joan Miro Ferra was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. The Fundacio Joan Miro, a museum in Barcelona was built dedicated to his work and another named the Fundacio Pilar i Joan Miro was built with the same purpose in the city Palma de Mallorca .

           Miro was born in a family of a goldsmith and watchmaker. He started to draw since he was seven at a private school at Carrer del Regomir, a medieval mansion. He then continued to pursuit art at a fine art academy at La Llotja and had his first solo art show in 1918 at the Galeries Dalmau.During the year 1918 he began to focus more on line, form and structure and his composition became more direct, clear and often has little fine details.  .He was inspired by Fauve and Cubist exhibitions in Barcelona. Moreover Miro was also attracted to the Montparnasse arts community, he moved to Paris in 1920 for that reason, but later on he continued to spend his time in Catalonia. His early art style can be described as vivid and  brushy.

Joan Miró
Portrait of Enric Cristòfol Ricart
Winter or early spring 1917 I like what he did in the painting, the two object and the man looked seem to be painted with the different style but come together very nicely thanks to the green colour. I also like the heavy outline in the portrait, and the warm lighting on the shirt contrasts the dark colour on the man face.

Miro developed a distinctly symbolic language of simplified, biomorphic, or lifelike, forms. He was one of the artists contributed to give a visual definition to the young movement which influences the younger artist generation. He created over 250 illustrated book which is known as Livres d’ Artiste. He was among some of the first artists to develop automatic drawing which aiming to undo the earlier technique in painting and form new techniques. He and Andre Masson was the two major artist started the Surrealism art movement, but he chose not to become an official member of the Surrealist to avoid being forced to work with only one style. He wants to experiment with another style such as expressionism, lyrical abstraction and colour field painting as he, please.
                     Some of Miro works:
Jean Miro Dutch Interior II
I strangely into the composition in this painting and I also like the flat painting style .
Caress of a Bird (La Caresse d’un oiseau), 1967
Overall I find this painting is really funny looking. It can be a kid toy and I would buy it.
Women and Bird in the Moonlight (Femmes, oiseau au clair de lune), 1949. To be honest this look like something 5 year old me would draw with a bunch of smiley faces and cliche star symbol.




Blog post#5 Pre impressionism & Pre Raphaelites

John William Waterhouse

JOHN William Waterhouse photograph

John William Waterhouse was an English painter of the Victorian era. His gain his popularity from series of large-scale Classical mythological subjects paintings. In 1970, He studied sculpture at the Royal Academy in London and then, later on, switched to painting. He was known for glowing colour, texture brush stroke, and visible surface. Like all other Pre Raphaelite artist, he had a strong passion for illustrating beautiful women portraits in a stunning outfit in the middle of some natural  English countryside scenes.


In The Peristyle 1874 – I really enjoy looking at this painting. The scene look natural, believable and it is a really interesting way to capture a ordinary scene. How he chose to pose the little girl feeds the bird makes the painting look somewhat like a photograph. More over, think that this painting has a really lovely color palette which many warm tones 

             Early in Waterhouse career, he was more like a Neo classical painter who would create painting of Greek and Roman scenes, as a result these painting would have the same subject, in some case it even have similar composition.

The Lady Of Shalott 1888

   Between 1890s and 1990s Waterhouse produced many works of the mythological and daily life scenes which was exhibited regularly at the Royal Academy. As a result, the academy made him as their associate member in 1885 and then a full Royal Acedemician in 1895.


Mariana In The South 1897
Boreas-1903– I like this woman expression and the way waterhouses illustrated her scarf. There are lots of texture in this painting which makes my eyes move around to really acknowledge all details. Because he painted this piece with mainly cool tone so the pink color on the girl cheek really pop out.

                           Waterhouse was really famous with his painting of ” The Lady Of Shalott”, he was inspired by the 1832 poem by Alfred about the the mysterious death of a beautiful woman death after looking directly at the Lancelot. He painted three different version of this poem. His series of painting about Ophelia before her death also gain its popularity but unfortunately Waterhouse did not get a chance to finish the series due to his cancer by 1915.


Waterhouse Hylas and the Nymph 1896 – the first thing I notice about this painting this the lavender highlight on the leaf which is really neat details. He put lots of effort to all these nymphs figure and they all look like fragile porcelain doll.

Source: http://linesandcolors.com/2006/04/01/john-william-waterhouse/